Pigmentation is a condition in which patches of face and body skin become darker in colour than the normal surrounding skin because of increased production of the pigment melanin (hyperpigmentation). Pigmentation occurs as a result of sun exposure, genetics, pregnancy, skin ageing, various hepatic or pancreatic conditions, administration of birth control pills. Dark spots on the skin can range from light brown to dark brown and come in various shapes, depths and sizes from hard to notice to palm-sized with uneven rough surface and increasing or becoming more defined with time. The skin losses its glow, smoothness and aesthetic appearance, which causes discomfort and the need to look for masking techniques.
Laser pigmentation removal is the most effective way to remove pigmentation spots. During the procedure, a short however very strong laser light impulse is emitted precisely to the site affected by pigmentation. The light targets melanin and breaks up the dark spots into small particles which are then disintegrated and removed during the skin recovery.
For the best results, a course of several treatment sessions is recommended with the specific number of required sessions to be determined by a dermatovenerologist after assessing the particular case - intensity and size of the pigmentation spot.