Bruxism manifests by severe teeth clenching and unusual movements of the mandible, resulting in grinding of occlusal (biting) surfaces of teeth, which produces crunching sound. You may have sleep bruxism and be unaware of it – such people usually are informed about having tendency to bruxism by their dentist who notices signs of bruxism during the dental examination of the patient: marks of dental grinding on the enamel, wear of enamel and naked dentine in all teeth groups.
The damage of teeth results in patient’s complaints of hypersensitivity of teeth to heat, cold, brushing or touching by a tongue, poor aesthetic appearance, weak and especially fragile teeth or dentures, unstable fillings, the mandible joint crepitus, pain, limited and aggravated opening of mouth, headache, tinnitus, altered shape of the lower part of face. Untreated bruxism may lead to teeth wear – teeth abrasion up to the half of crown or up to the gumline.
How the procedure is carried out?
Bruxism is treated using a special preparation, which is injected using a very fine needle into the masseter muscles, which results in their relaxation. After this procedure the patient is able to talk, eat and smile unrestrictedly, however teeth grinding does not occur with the previous strength. The preparation acts for about 3-6months and then the procedure should be repeated if needed.
Injections are contraindicated in pregnant and breast-feeding females.