Misalignment of teeth in oral cavity, and bite are determined by many factors: genetics; premature removal of milk teeth; traumas; certain habits that have formed in early childhood, e.g. mouth breathing, incorrect tongue position or swallowing, prolonged pacifier use.
Orthodontic treatment (teeth straightening) is a procedure intended to correct misplacement of teeth and improper bite to bring back or create an aesthetic smile and protect from excessive wear and tear of teeth, frequent teeth decay or premature loss as well as to prevent jaw problems in the future. Teeth straightening procedures are performed using orthodontic devices regardless of the patient's age. Orthodontic devices are divided into two major groups: removable (aligners, retainers) and fixed (braces).
The problems of crooked teeth or misaligned bite are most efficiently removed using fixed orthodontic devices which include the following:
Orthodontic treatment is suitable for both children and older patients. Children are recommended to be assessed by a specialist orthodontist between the ages of 8-10 years. This allows the orthodontist to evaluate your child’s existing and incoming teeth and determine whether or not early treatment might be necessary. Treatment is most effective at the age of 10-16 when all the permanent teeth are already present.